Stages of Cervical Cancer – Just like any other types of cancer, cervical cancer also has different stages. The stages of cervical cancer are staged according to some guidelines. To begin with staging is a process developed in order to identify the degree of cancer growth. In cervical cancer, stages describe the tumor’s size, cervical penetration depth, and spread within and outside the cervix. This method permits a physician to have treatment for the cancer to be customized as well as to assume what the patient will face over time.
Generally, the stages of cervical cancer suggest that the lower the stage the more chances of survival. In order to accurately stage the cancer information and tests must be obtained. This includes biopsy, pathology reports, visual exam of the urinary tract with an endoscope or cystoscopy, ultrasound of the abdomen, CT scan, and MRI.
The FIGO system is a staging scheme for cervical cancer created by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. According to the FIGO classification stages of cervical cancer are grouped with basic stages. These are labeled from stage 0 up to stage IV. Stage 0 is called carcinoma in situ or the tumor is there but only in the cervix’ epithelial cells and has not gone through other tissues. Stage I pertains to invasive cancer with the tumor confined strictly in the cervix. Stage II of the stages of cervical cancer is when invasive cancer with tumor has spread outside the cervix or the upper 2/3 of the vagina. However, the cancer has not yet spread in the pelvic wall.
Stage III is invasive cancer with tumor that has spread in the vagina’s lower third or to the pelvic wall. The tumor may be blocking urine’s flow from kidneys to the bladder. And finally stage IV is the worst stage of the stages of cervical cancer wherein in cancer has spread to the other parts of the body.